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types of video surveillance camera systems

X Types Of Video Surveillance Camera Systems

Surveillance camera systems are incredibly effective for deterring and preventing crime on your business or premises. In fact, they can reduce crime by an impressive 50%.

Before you jump ahead and install any old camera, you first need to understand the different types of video surveillance camera systems that exist.

Each camera system has its pros and cons, and each is more suitable for a specific environment.

Let’s explore some of the main options available to help you find the right security cameras for your needs.

Video Surveillance Camera Systems: 9 Types 

1. Fixed Cameras 

Let’s start with the most basic type of surveillance camera. Fixed cameras are typically seen as the most standard type of security camera; they are simple systems that are fixed in a single position. Their stationary position gives them a fixed viewing angle.

Fixed security cameras can incorporate various types of technology and are effective for monitoring a single, fixed space without requiring too much detail.

2. Pan-Tilt-Zoom Cameras 

Pan-tilt-zoom (PTZ) camera system can move around. They can do this via remote control.

You can move them horizontally (pan), move them vertically (tilt), or use them to zoom in and out. These camera systems offer great flexibility and can be used to monitor larger areas.

3. 360-Degree Cameras 

As their name suggests, these types of video surveillance camera systems are used to capture a complete view in all directions.

Also known as panoramic cameras, 360-degree cameras make sure you have no blind spots. They’re ideal for businesses that need to monitor large open spaces and are typically used in outdoor environments.

types of video surveillance camera systems

4. Dual-Lens Cameras 

When looking at different types of video surveillance camera systems, dual-lens cameras are one of the most versatile and useful options.

These camera systems use two separate lenses to capture different perspectives at the same time. They can provide a wider field of view or offer one lens for regular viewing and another for zooming in without losing out on image quality.

So, if you have large premises that you need to monitor, or if you want to capture precision video surveillance footage that you can zoom in on, dual-lens cameras are a top choice.

5. 4G Battery-Powered Cameras 

These have become a popular choice in video surveillance, thanks to their flexibility and ease of connection.

As their name suggests, 4G battery-powered cameras use a 4G cellular network to send and receive signals. This means you can position the cameras where you want them, without having to worry about physical network cabling. The cameras are also powered by built-in rechargeable batteries.

This combination makes them suitable for remote locations where traditional power sources and wired internet may not be available. They’re also a good choice for businesses that move around and want an easy solution for moving their camera system with them.

Because the cameras do not require cables, they are also easy to move into different places on your premises. It’s also effortless to add additional cameras to your security setup.

The only downside is that you’ll need to position the cameras in an easy-to-reach place, as they need to be recharged.

types of video surveillance camera systems

6. PoE IP Cameras 

PoE stands for Power over Ethernet. These types of video surveillance camera systems receive both power and data over a single Ethernet cable, which makes installing the camera system much easier.

It also means you don’t need to invest in separate cables for power sources.

PoE IP cameras are typically very powerful and can be used in many different environments.

Beyond versatility and high visual quality, these camera systems also maintain continuous power. This makes them an attractive option over battery-powered cameras.

7. Wi-Fi Battery-Powered Cameras 

Similar to 4G battery-powered cameras, these cameras use Wi-Fi for data transmission and are powered by rechargeable batteries. Again, this allows for flexible camera placements.

WiFi surveillance camera systems have become increasingly popular in recent times. They’re more affordable to install, they’re more convenient to manage, and they provide a wide range of features that many traditional surveillance camera systems lack.

8. Wi-Fi Wired Cameras 

As the name suggests, these cameras also connect to the network via Wi-Fi, but they require a wired power source.

With this option comes the added advantage of a stable and uninterrupted power supply, while still offering wireless data transmission.

While they are slightly more technical to install, wired WiFi cameras are incredibly useful for any kind of business. They offer flexibility and all the modern features you’d want from a surveillance camera system, without the hassle of having to charge the cameras.

9. Day And Night Cameras 

Day and night camera systems include special features that allow them to capture footage in both day and night conditions. Infrared illumination is typically used to capture footage in low-light areas.

If your business requires surveillance footage in areas without any lights, then it’s essential to use a proper night camera that can capture live footage in the dark.

This is a common mistake people make when choosing their surveillance camera systems.

Other Camera Features 

We’ve covered some of the main types of video surveillance camera systems out there. However, there are still many different unique features you can look out for in different systems. These include aspects like:

  • Thermal cameras detect heat instead of light (this is effective for dark environments)
  • High-definition cameras to capture better quality, detailed images
  • Smart cameras with various built-in features, like analytics or object tracking
  • Mobile cameras to be mounted on drones or vehicles


When it comes to choosing video surveillance camera systems, finding the right fit for your business is key.

The options available vary in terms of flexibility, battery-operated vs. wired, Wi-Fi functionality, heat sensitivity, and the list goes on (and on).

This is why it’s vital to work with camera installation professionals who can help assess your premises and find the right camera system to meet all your specifications and requirements.

If you’re looking for a reliable supplier who can evaluate your business environment, recommend appropriate products, assist with the installation and training; and provide 24-hour support, get in touch with the team at Stellar Communications.

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